Labour reforms revision notes

Story continues below Premier Kathleen Wynne has been tying the policy at nearly every opportunity to a theme of fairness that will likely carry through to the June election, along with free tuition for low- and middle-income students, more child care spaces and pharmacare for youth. The minimum wage boost has proved largely popular in government polling and with labour advocates, though it is controversial with businesses, who say the increase is too fast and will lead to job losses. The government and some economists argue that the hike will have some positive impact on the economy, as minimum wage earners get more spending power. And an analysis from the Keep Ontario Working Coalition concluded overjobs could be impacted.

Labour reforms revision notes

Explain the reasons for this dissatisfaction and consider what proposals have been made for the reform of the law. JAN Despite some recent reforms, there are still criticisms to be made of the current law on murder and voluntary manslaughter.

Consider relevant criticisms of that law, and suggest any reforms that may be appropriate. JUNE ; Something like dicuss the criticisms of voluntary manslaughter!

Introduction There remains numerous unresolved issues with the law on homicide.

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Issue one piecemeal development and Intention One issue with murder is that when one is attempting to pin-point the law, it becomes difficult due to piecemeal development; leaving the law a bricolage of rules and not a coherent whole.

The law largely consists of countless cases, legislation, and writings from a 17th century jurist. Recent developments have only permeated this issue further. Clearly the law operates incoherently. Reform A suggested reform could be Labour reforms revision notes all new embracing act being produced, that provides law on murder in a single place.

If this succeeds, this could clean up the law on murder making its application more accessible in court. Issue 2 Serious Harm rule Equally important is the issue of the serious harm rule under the present law, this makes the defendant guilty of murder even if they only desired to cause V serious harm GBH but nevertheless caused their death R v Vickers, R v Cunningham This seems largely unfair as in some cases, D may not even realise death is a possibility, yet he may still be just as guilty as someone whose main intention was to kill their victim.

Tier 1 would be concerned with when D had an intention to kill or to cause GBH and was aware of the risk of death dishing out a mandatory life sentence as well. Tier 2 accounts for situations where D has an intention to cause GBH but is unaware of the risk of death, or has an intention to kill with a partial defence.

D would receive a discretionary sentence. This reform should provide a clear cut answer to those who are deservedly punished for their conduct, as well as those in which death was not their aim. Issue 3 joint enterprise In conjunction with issues and unfairness of the serious harm rule, the laws on Joint enterprise remain a recurring issue.

This can be viewed as unfair since D has not actually carried out the crime, this being the case of Alex Henry in where he was committed of murder under joint enterprise although he did not engage in the crime, or know P had a knife.

Although accepted by the government, they have refused to implement it. The judiciary accept its faults, particularly with secondary liability to murder but state it is not their place to change and parliament have yet to do so.

JENGBA a charity dedicated to families of joint enterprise victims continues to protest for changes in the law for over past recent cases. Firstly it is often difficult to distinguish premeditated killings from those that are carried out in the heat of the moment.

The old law on provocation was regarded as the "nagging and shagging defence" indicative of the roots of the defence and the most common cases. The decision to exclude sexual infidelity was not one made by the lawyers at the law commission, but politicians who stated that this prevented men who carried out horrendous crimes having a defence.

However sexual infidelity is extremely vague and there is no definition of what the act covers in terms of the types of relationships or acts that constitutes to sexual infidelity.

As well as this the jury could find it hard to consider the events but at the same time disregard the fact it constituted to sexual infidelity.

This makes it confusing as to whether it can ever be a consolidating trigger, and in some cases it could deprive justice.

Labour reforms revision notes

Issue 6 Burden of proof Finally, laws on Diminished Responsibility also provides a fair amount of issues at first instance. Unlike the laws of loss of control the burden of proof is on D on the balance of probability.

This could be considered fair as only they can consent to psychiatric examinations to verify this. Alternatively it could be argued that it its unfair and a breach of article 6 of the European conventions of Human Rights which states that D is to be presumed innocent and not vice versa.

Reform No proposed reform as of yet on this matter. Issue 7 Finally, laws on Diminished Responsibility also provides a fair amount of issues at first instance. The advantage here is that the law can develop with evidence based on ground breaking work of a recognised specialist.

However these lists are not specifically mentioned in the amended section which means that a jury could perhaps be exposed to idiosyncratic opinions as a result. There has not been any proposed reforms of this matter as of yet.

Overall, it is clear that unresolved issues permeate the law on homicide, and there is hope for the future that these could potentially be resolved. Posted by ellecalam at.The Rise Of The Labour Party Notes Politics Notes > 20th Century British Politics Notes This is an extract of our The Rise Of The Labour Party Notes document, which we sell as part of our 20th Century British Politics Notes collection written by the top tier of Oxford University students.

Jul 11,  · Watch video · The labor reform, which will also increase flexibility on overtime and holidays, was already well-advanced in Congress before the chief prosecutor’s decision to . GCSE History revision looking at Liberal reforms from in Britain.

Topics include Childrens Charter, reforms, reasons for change and the individuals such as Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree.

A suggested reform could be an all new embracing act being produced, that provides law on murder in a single place. If this succeeds, this could clean up the law on murder making its application more accessible in court.

The Beveridge Report and Labour’s Welfare Reforms. This was the start of the Welfare state, which were aiming to slay the ‘5 giants’ with the aim of eradicating poverty. Labour Reforms Revision Notes Essay THE LABOUR GOVERNMENT – 51 COMMON QUESTIONS 1 To what extent did the Labour Reforms succeed in creating a modern Welfare State?

How successfully did the Labour Government deal with Britain’s social problems after WW2?

BBC Bitesize - National 5 History - Labour Reforms - The Welfare State - Revision 6